Numismatics | History

Showcase of a private collection of coins from the Kingdom of the Franks and its descendant territories.
Actively seeking coins satisfying these . Submit inquiries . - Gold coin of exceptional strike or provenance with most of the legend visible.
- Issued under the authority of a state or dynasty that rose to prominence within the boundaries of present-day France.
- Issuer follows the Salic law of patrilineality if applicable.

Merovingian Dynasty, Kingdom of Aquitaine 1.26g, 13mm, 6h

Tremissis (Banassac, c. 623-630)

No inscription

Diademed head right with occipital button and beaded neck border. Inverted branch with three lanceolate leaves to the right; all within wreath.

T ELAFIVS MONETA

Transcription: (Latin) T ELAFIUS MONETA | Translation: Elafius Moneyer
(The T before ELAFIVS is believed to be a degenerate residual of the initial cross of ☩ ELAFIVS MONETA from previous types after the probable departure of Elafius c. 623.)

Chalice with curved, open-ended handles surmounted by cross; all within wreath. Tremissis in the name of the moneyer Elafius were minted at Banassac, a town known for its production of pottery. The portrait might correspond to Clothar II or Dagobert I.

To learn more about this type:

  • Traité Historique des Monnoyes de France (Le Blanc, 1690)
  • Monnaies Mérovingiennes du Gévaudan (Ponton d'Amécourt & Moré de Préviala, 1883)

Another coin from the same die is held at the BnF:

Roger II, King of Sicily | House of Hauteville 1.0g, 14mm, 6h

Tari (Palermo/Messina, 1138/39)

(...) /

Transcription: (Arabic) صب بمدينة صقلية سنة ثلث وثلثين وخمسمائه /المعتز بالله الملك رجار
Translation: Struck in the city of Sicily the year three and thirty and five hundred / King Roger taking power from God
(The date is inferred from the partially visible legend which is pending a better identification.)

Two concentric circles of Kufic legend around a central pellet.

(...) / IC XC NI KA

Transcription: (Arabic) صب بمدينة صقلية سنة ثلث وثلثين وخمسمائه / (Greek) IHCUC XPICTOC NIKA
Translation: Struck in the city of Sicily the year three and thirty and five hundred / Jesus Christ Victor

Processional cross with top right pellet, flanked by Greek monogram in quarters. A unique combination of both Arabic and Greek legend, representative of the cultural syncretism of the Sicilian kingdom.
Warm toning throughout.

To learn more about this type:

  • Medieval European Coinage, Vol. 14 (Grierson & Travaini, 1998)

Charles VI, King of France | House of Valois 4.02g, 24mm, 6h

Ecu d'or à la couronne (Saint-Quentin, 1385/88)

✠KAROLVSDEIGRACIAFRANC0RVMREX

Transcription: (Latin) KAROLUS DEI GRACIA FRANCORUM REX
Translation: Charles King of the Franks by the Grace of God

Crowned arms of France.

✠XPC★VINCIT★XPC★REGNAT★XPC★INPERAT

Transcription: (Latin) CHRISTUS VINCIT CHRISTUS REGNAT CHRISTUS INPERAT
Translation: Christ Triumphs Christ Reigns Christ Commands

Cross fleury in shape of rhomboidal lozenge with lis at points, mint mark in center; all within a quadrilobe with inward-facing lis in angles and crowns in spandrels. The elongated 0 in FRANC0RVM differentiates it from an otherwise identical type issued under Charles VII with a round O.
Faint traces of die clash on either side.

To learn more about this type:

  • Ordonnances des Rois de France de la Troisième Race, Vol. 7 (Secousse, 1745)
  • Receuil de Documents Monétaires, Tome 2 (de Saulcy, 1888)
  • Les Monnaies Françaises Royales, Tome 2 (Duplessy, 1999)

Charles VII, King of France | House of Valois 3.36g, 24mm, 1h

Ecu neuf (Tours, 1450)

♕KAROLVS:DEI:GRACIA:FRANCORVM:REX:♖

Transcription: (Latin) KAROLUS DEI GRACIA FRANCORUM REX
Translation: Charles by the Grace of God King of the Franks

Crowned arms of France flanked by two crowned fleurs de lis.

♕XPC:VINCIT:XPC:REGNAT:XPC:IMPERAT♖

Transcription: (Latin) CHRISTUS VINCIT CHRISTUS REGNAT CHRISTUS IMPERAT
Translation: Christ Triumphs Christ Reigns Christ Commands

Cross fleury with crowns in angles, a quatrefoil in the center; all within a quadrilobe. The dot under the sixth letter indicates the mint of Tours.
NGC-graded MS63.

To learn more about this type:

  • Les Monnaies Françaises Royales, Tome 2 (Duplessy, 1999)

Philippe III, Duke of Burgundy, Count of Flanders | House of Valois 4.24g, 30mm, 9h

Lion d'or (Bruges/Ghent, 1454-1466)

PHSDEIGRADVXBVRGCOMFLAND

Transcription: (Latin) PHILIPPUS DEI GRATIA DUX BURGUNDICAE COMES FLANDRIAE
Translation: Philip by the Grace of God, Duke of Burgundy, Count of Flanders

Lion sejant beneath a gothic dais, a briquet to either side.

✠SITNOMENDOMINIBENEDICTVMAMEN

Transcription: (Latin) SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTUM AMEN
Translation: Blessed Be the Name of the Lord Amen

Quartered shield of Burgundy with inescutcheon of Flanders superimposed on a floriated cross. The briquet was a common hallmark of the dukes of Burgundy.
Slightly wavy planchet.

To learn more about this type:

  • Les monnaies des Pays-Bas bourguignons et espagnols (1434-1713) (Gelder & Hoc, 1960)

Charles IX, King of France | House of Valois 3.36g, 24mm, 6h

Ecu d'or au soleil (Paris, 1562)

☀CAROLVS⋅VIIII⋅DG⋅FRANCO⋅REX⋅M⋅D⋅LXII

Transcription: (Latin) CAROLUS VIIII DEI GRATIA FRANCORUM REX M D LXII
Translation: Charles by the Grace of God King of the Franks 1562

Crowned arms of France.

☀CHRISTVS⋅REGNAT⋅VINCIT⋅ET⋅IMPERAT

Transcription: (Latin) CHRISTUS REGNAT VINCIT ET IMPERAT
Translation: Christ Triumphs, Reigns and Commands

Cross with lis at points and mint mark in center. NGC-graded AU58.

Louis XIV, King of France and of Navarre | House of Bourbon 6.73g, 24mm, 6h

Louis d'or à la mèche longue (Lyon, 1652)

⋅LVD⋅XIIII⋅D⋅G⋅⋅s⋅FR⋅ET⋅NAV⋅REX⋅1652

Transcription: (Latin) LUDOVICUS XIIII DEI GRATIA FRANCORUM ET NAVARRAE REX
Translation: Louis XIIII by the Grace of God King of the Franks and of Navarre

Laureate head of Louis XIV right.

CHRS⋅ ⋅REGN⋅ ⋅VINC⋅ ⋅IMP⋅

Transcription: (Latin) CHRISTUS REGNAT VINCIT IMPERAT
Translation: Christ Triumphs (Christ) Reigns (Christ) Commands

Cross with arms composed of double-L monograms and terminating in crowns, lis in angles; mint mark in center. May have belonged to Jean Lepot, a royal dignitary in charge of the salt granary of Montrichard.
Discovered in the Montrichard treasure in 2007.

To learn more about this coin:

  • Le trésor de Montrichard (Loir-et-Cher), vers 1661-1662 (Clairand et al., Revue Numismatique #172, 2015)

Louis XV, King of France and of Navarre | House of Bourbon 8.19g, 24mm, 6h

Louis d'or aux lunettes (Rouen, 1732)

LUD⋅XV⋅D⋅G⋅FR⋅ET⋅NAV⋅REX⋅

Transcription: (Latin) LUDOVICUS XV DEI GRATIA FRANCORUM ET NAVARRAE REX
Translation: Louis XV by the Grace of God King of the Franks and of Navarre

Draped bust of Louis XV left.

CHRS⋅REGN⋅VINC⋅IMPER 1732

Transcription: (Latin) CHRISTUS REGNAT VINCIT IMPERAT 1732
Translation: Christ Triumphs (Christ) Reigns (Christ) Commands 1732

Crown above arms of France and Navarre; mint mark below. Former possession of Louis Nivelle, esquire at the royal court and usher at the Palace of Justice.
Discovered in the Rue Mouffetard treasure in 1938.

To learn more about this coin:

  • Trésors, archives secrètes (Bourgey, 1998)

Louis d'or au bandeau (Paris, 1743) 8.1g, 24mm, 6h

LUD⋅XV⋅D⋅G⋅FR⋅ET NAV⋅REX⋅

Transcription: (Latin) LUDOVICUS XV DEI GRATIA FRANCORUM ET NAVARRAE REX
Translation: Louis XV by the Grace of God King of the Franks and of Navarre

Bare head of Louis XV left, hair tied by ribbon.

CHRS⋅REGN⋅VINC⋅IMPER✿1743

Transcription: (Latin) CHRISTUS REGNAT VINCIT IMPERAT 1743
Translation: Christ Triumphs (Christ) Reigns (Christ) Commands 1743

Crown above arms of France and Navarre; mint mark below. Another find from Louis Nivelle's cache.
Some die rust on the obverse. PCGS-graded MS62.

To learn more about this coin:

  • Trésors: archives secrètes (Bourgey, 1998)

Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc | House of Rohan 16.2g, 30mm, 6h

Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller

Scudo (Valletta, 1778)

FEMMANUEL DE ROHAN M M

Transcription: (Latin) FRATER EMMANUEL DE ROHAN MAGISTER MAGNUS
Translation: Brother Emmanuel de Rohan, Grand Master

Armored bust right.

⋅HOSPITALIS ET S SEPUL HIERUSAL 1778 / S⋅ 20

Transcription: (Latin) HOSPITALIS ET SANCTI SEPULCHRI HIERUSALEM 1778 / SCUDI 20
Translation: of the Hospital and Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, 1778. / 20 Scudi

Crown above arms of Malta and House of Rohan. Last type of gold scudo to have been struck by the Order of Malta before the French Republic took over the island in 1798.

To learn more about this type:

  • Coins of the Grand Masters of the Order of Malta (Morris, 1884)

This section provides concise translations of seminal works pertaining to governance and economics produced under the French monarchy. Existing English translations are used and improved whenever possible.

6th century: Preamble to the Salic Law

14th century: Treatise on the origin of money (Nicolas Oresme)